Brief History: Countries Beginning with ‘K’

Kazakhstan.jpgKazakhstan

Humans migrated to Kazakhstan during the Lower Palaeolithic era. There have been four Kazakh-Uzbek Wars: The Kazakh Khanate won the First Kazakh-Uzbek War, 1507, and Second Kazakh-Uzbek War, 1509, initially won but lost the Third Kazakh-Uzbek War, 1598, and won the Fourth Kazakh-Uzbek War, 1607-1627. The first two were fought against the Shaybanid Bukhara and the other two were fought against the Khanate of Bukhara. The Russian Empire started its conquest of Kazakhstan in the 1600s and ruled Kazakhstan until 1917. Astana, the capital of Kazakhstan, was founded in 1830.After 1917, Kazakhstan was briefly independent but joined the USSR in 1920. Kazakhstan gained its independence from the USSR on the 16th of December, 1991 and, the next year, joined the UN on the 2nd of March, 1992.

KenyaKenya

The earliest modern humans moved in to Kenya around 2500 BCE. In 1895, Britain founded the East Africa Protectorate, which was renamed the Kenya Colony in 1920. Kenya gained its independence from Britain and adopted its flag on the 12th of December, 1963. Four days later, Kenya joined the UN on the 16th of December, 1963. In 2005, the Mount Elgon Insurgency began and Kenya fought against the Sabaot Land Defence Force, SDLF, who were rebelling in the Mount Elgon region in Western Kenya for three years until the rebels were defeated in 2008.

KiribatiKiribati

The I-Kiribati settled in the Gilbert Islands between 3000 BCE and 1300 CE. Britain began founding settlements in Kiribati in 1837 and in 1892 it was officially colonised. Kiribati, then part of the British Empire, was occupied by Japan during the Second World War, 1939-1945, on the 10th of December, 1941. The USA liberated the islands in 1943. Kiribati gained its independence from Britain and adopted its flag on the 12th of July, 1979, joining the UN on the 14th of September, 1999.

KuwaitKuwait

People have lived in Kuwait since around 8000 BCE. The Sassanid Empire conquered Kuwait in 224 CE then Portugal gained control in 1521 and Kuwait became a British protectorate in 1899. In 1913, Kuwait was recognised as an autonomous district of the Ottoman Empire by Britain. Kuwait gained its independence from Britain on the 19th of June, 1961 and adopted its flag on the 7th of September, 1961. Two years later, Kuwait joined the UN on the 14th of May, 1963. Iraq occupied Kuwait on the 2nd of August, 1990. This led to the Gulf War, 1990-1991. Kuwait and its allies, including Saudi Arabia and the USA, won and Iraq was forced to withdraw from Kuwait.

KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstan

The first inhabitants of Kyrgyzstan were in around 250,000 BCE. The capital of Kyrgyzstan, Bishkek, was founded in 1825 but the Russian Empire annexed Kyrgyzstan in 1876. As part of the Russian Empire, Kyrgyzstan fought in the First World War – 1914-1918, which the Russian Empire, despite its allies winning in 1918, technically lost in 1917. Kyrgyzstan also fought in the Second World War, 1939-1945, as part of the Soviet Union, of which the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic became a full member of the on the 5th of December, 1936, on the side of the Allies. Kyrgyzstan gained its independence from the USSR in 1991 and it joined the UN on the 2nd of March, 1992.

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